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  1. Replies
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    There are so many variables that come into play...

    There are so many variables that come into play that it would be easy to get lost in the weeds.
    Illness itself causing excessive secretions of slime, excrement, infectious wastes, heavy respiration,...
  2. Thread: Water Changes

    by PapaBear
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    Why not treat the water in the storage tank...

    Why not treat the water in the storage tank instead? Wouldn't that be a simpler solution?
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    I'm sorry to hear you lost one of your big girls....

    I'm sorry to hear you lost one of your big girls. That is always painful and frustrating.

    There are a few things to consider here, beginning with your "cool season". In many places that would be...
  4. Thread: Water Changes

    by PapaBear
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    I tend to take a rather holistic approach to the...

    I tend to take a rather holistic approach to the whole thing. To me "living" = "life-giving".

    Water is laden with a myriad of various elements, compounds, and living things. The precise...
  5. Thread: Water Changes

    by PapaBear
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    Now that's a funny flashback if there ever was...

    Now that's a funny flashback if there ever was one... ;)
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    If salt was beneficial under those circumstances...

    If salt was beneficial under those circumstances it would make sense, which begs the question I asked before. Is it? I fail to see how.

    If the water is cool enough to compromise the immune...
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    My sentiments exactly. Any treatment protocol,...

    My sentiments exactly. Any treatment protocol, be it injected, oral, water additives, or simple salt should serve a direct need. Anything entering the pond that alters the best "natural"...
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    0.6% is a pretty strong dose, and considerably...

    0.6% is a pretty strong dose, and considerably higher than most people would ever want to use outside of a short term quarantine/hospital tank. It doesn't contradict my point in the least, but...
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    Me either... unless it is convenient or...

    Me either... unless it is convenient or necessary... or just too hard to resist ;)

    But, back to the serious side of things.

    Obviously there are legitimate theraputic uses for salt, which have...
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    Aeromonas has many variants, with both salt and...

    Aeromonas has many variants, with both salt and freshwater strains being equally infectious under the right conditions. All of the sub-species have varying degrees of sensitivity to or affinity for...
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    For additional salt to be of benefit to Koi there...

    For additional salt to be of benefit to Koi there must be a need.

    The only general benefits are for osmoregulatory relief when stress is already taking place, when Nitrite levels are high, or as...
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    I hope everyone appreciates what this chart truly...

    I hope everyone appreciates what this chart truly represents. It isn't that Aeromonas is "more" active at lower temperatures. It is that it has no competing bacteria at sub 50F to keep it in check....
  13. Thread: Water Changes

    by PapaBear
    Replies
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    43,565

    Water changes are always safe without ST... until...

    Water changes are always safe without ST... until they aren't.

    The trap a lot of people fall into is the comfort of last months water test that showed only trace amounts of chlorine/chloramine...
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    This thread shall live on forever, and those who...

    This thread shall live on forever, and those who refuse to learn from it will be doomed to relearn everything contained therein the hard way.

    Just for grins and giggles, we took a couple of...
  15. Precisely, which is why I said what I did the way...

    Precisely, which is why I said what I did the way I did. Engineering and Biology are both sciences, and they are not at all at odds with each other. To the contrary, if you have a well engineered...
  16. I know I'm preaching to the choir here, but...

    I know I'm preaching to the choir here, but someone new to this conversation might be reading so...

    The hardest part about these conversations is maintaining an understanding of what is going on...
  17. Hey Mike, long time no see. You've just given...

    Hey Mike, long time no see.

    You've just given an excellent illustration of one of my basic notions of Koi health.
    Everything in their environment is a nutrient of some type for some thing. ...
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    Tests like this are difficult to read much into...

    Tests like this are difficult to read much into because of the changes that are outside of the "controlled" criteria of a true test.

    Altering the water chemistry by changing larger than normal...
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    It all depends on the sprayer. Some have a...

    It all depends on the sprayer. Some have a metering valve that allows you to adjust the mixture of the concentrated solution, others do not.
    Waterfalls are another good choice. Even with...
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    I've always preferred a surface spray for water...

    I've always preferred a surface spray for water changes as opposed to a submerged fill, partially for that reason. BUT, the efficacy of that is pH and temperature dependent just as ammonia degassing...
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    In a nutshell, no. Using a bandaid approach of...

    In a nutshell, no. Using a bandaid approach of adding "good bacteria" as a substitute for sound water management, proper filter maintenance, water CHANGES (not merely "topping up" to replace...
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    Truer words were never spoken.

    Truer words were never spoken.
  23. Replies
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    That's why I bumped it. Mike M, MCA, JR, Paul,...

    That's why I bumped it. Mike M, MCA, JR, Paul, Jake, etc... have a lot of combined knowledge that brings a greater depth of understanding to any conversation, and there is always "more" to the...
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    Carpet Algae (the kind you describe) is fine and...

    Carpet Algae (the kind you describe) is fine and won't be affected by the UV light anyway. UV light only kills the Unicellular algae that makes the water appear green because it is free floating and...
  25. Thread: Nitrate

    by PapaBear
    Replies
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    MCA and yerrag are right. And this goes to the...

    MCA and yerrag are right.

    And this goes to the problem faced by too many ponders. We zero in on one set of parameters as though they stand alone rather than viewing the entire system as a whole. ...
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